Committee on Publication Ethics
This journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
www.publicationethics.org"
Indexed by

Open Access Policy
GJAT provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
Call For Paper
The Editorial Board of the journal welcomes contributions of papers on any topics related to Islamic-based sciences, social science, arts and humanities whether in Malay, English or Arabic throughout the year.

ISSN (print): 2232-0474
E-ISSN (online): 2232-0482

Valid CSS!

Creative Commons License
Global Journal Al Thaqafah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Article 44

This Article Volume 3 Issue 2

First published December 2013, doi : 10.7187/GJAT442013.03.02
Publisher Kolej Universiti Islam Sultan Azlan Shah, Perak, Malaysia.
 
Model Penghayatan Solat Berasaskan Kaedah Tafakur
Prayer Apreciatian Model Based on Islamic Contemplation Method
Hamdi Rahman, M.Y., Mazlah, Y., Masthurhah, I.
 
Abstrak
 
Kesempurnaan pelaksanaan solat melibatkan kesempurnaan keseluruhan sifat-sifat solat sama ada dari aspek fizikal mahupun spritual. Penekanan yang lebih menjurus kepada aspek fizikal dalam pendidikan solat hari ini hanya merupakan sebahagian daripada pelaksanaan tanggungjawab bagi mewujudkan umat yang mendirikan solat. Kajian ini bertujuan membangunkan aspek spiritual dalam pelaksanaan solat dengan mencadangkan sebuah model penghayatan solat yang praktikal, mudah difahami dan dilaksanakan iaitu melalui pengaplikasian kaedah tafakur Islam. Model ini dibina bermula dengan mengenalpasti makna-makna yang dikemukakan oleh ulama silam berhubung rukun-rukun solat sama ada dari aspek bacaan dan perbuatan solat, berasaskan metod kajian perbandingan, iaitu bagi mengenalpasti emosi yang terlibat. Seterusnya setiap emosi terlibat akan diadaptasi ke dalam struktur pola tafakur yang telah dikenalpasti bagi menjelaskan bagaimanakah emosi tersebut boleh dibangkitkan ketika melaksanakan setiap rukun tersebut untuk melahirkan khusyuk.
 
Katakunci: Solat, Tafakur, Spiritual, Emosi, Khusyuk
 
Abstract
 
Perfection of prayer involves performing and fulfilling physical and spiritual aspects of the prayer properly. However, the teaching of prayer nowadays emphasizes more on the physical than the spiritual aspect. This study focuses on developing the spiritual aspect of prayer by proposing a practical model known as Islamic Contemplation Method. The model aims to attain full prayer appreciation (khusyuk) by identifying the meanings related to the different prayer rituals or steps stated by the earlier Islamic scholars. The meanings will be analyzed based on comparative study method to discover the emotions triggered for each significant step. The emotions identified will be adapted in the model to explain how emotions can be raised during the implementation of each prayer step which eventually leads to khusyuk or complete submission to Allah.
 
Keywords: Prayer, Contemplation, Spiritual, Emotion, Concentration
 
Rujukan
 
Abu Hayyan, M.Y. A. (1999). Al-Bahr al-Muhit fi al-Tafsir. Dar al-Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Alusi, S. M. A. (1994). Ruuh al-Ma‘aani fi Tafsir al-Quraan al-‘Azim wa al-Sab‘ al-Mathani. Dar al-Kitab al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Baghwi, A. M. A. M. (1999). Ma‘aalim al-Tanzil fi Tafsir al-Quraan. Dar al-‘Ihyaa’ al-Turath al-‘Arabi, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Bani, M. N. (2003). Al-Ta‘liqaat al-Hassan ‘Ala Sahih Ibn Hibbaan. Dar Bawazir, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
 
Al-Baqqa‘i, A. B. I. U. (t.t.) Nazam al-Durar fi Tanasub al-Ayaat wa al-Suwar. Dar al-Kitab al-Islami, Cairo, Egypt.
 
Al-Ghazali, A. H. M. B. M. (t.t.) Ihyaa’ ‘Ulum al-Din. Dar al-Ma‘rifah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Mawardi, A. H. A. M. (t.t.) al-Nukt wa al-‘Uyuun. Dar al-Kitab al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Muhasibi, A. A. A. A. (1986) al-Wasaaya. Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Naysaburi, Nizamuddin al-Hasan bin Muhammad. (1995). Gharaa’ib al-Quran wa Raghaa’ib al-Furqan. Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Qastalani, Q. D. M. A. (1995). Marasid al-Salah fi Maqaasid al-Salat. Dar al-Fadilah, Cairo, Egypt.
 
Al-Qurtubi, S. M. A. (2003). Al-Jam‘ Li’ahkam al-Quran. Dar ‘Alim al-Kutub, Riyad.
 
Al-Qusyairi, A. K. H. (t.t) Lata’if al-‘Isyaraat. Al-Hay’ah al-Misriyah al-‘Ammah li al-Kitab, Egypt.
 
Al-Razi, F. M. B. U. (1999). Mafatih al-Ghayb, Dar al-Ihya’ al-Turath al-‘Arabi, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Suyuti, Jalaluddin Abd Rahman bin Abu Bakr (1983) al-Durr al-Manthur fi al-Ta’wil bi al-Ma’thur. Dar al-Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Sya‘rawi, M. M. (1997) Tafsir al-Sya‘rawi. Matabi‘ Akhbar al-Yaym, Cairo, Egypt.
 
Al-Tastari, A. M. S. A. (2002). Tafsir al-Tastari. Dar al-Kitab al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Al-Zamakhsyari, A. Q. M. U. (1986). al-Kasysyaf ‘An Haqa’iq Ghawamid al-Tanzil. Dar al-Kitab al-‘Arabi. Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Bilal, K. (2010). Illuminative Knowledge in Mawlana Rumi. In Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud & Muhammad Zainy Uthman. (Eds.), Knowledge, Language, Thought and The Civilization of Islam (pp. 135 – 162). Penerbit UTM, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia.
 
Hamdi Rahman, M.Y., Sofian Sauri, H., & Nurul Naim, A. R. (2012). Development of Science Spiritual Model for Pre-school Education. Global Journal Al Thaqafah, 2(1) 23-34. doi : 10.7187/GJAT112012.02.01
 
Ibn ‘Asyur, M. T. A. (1984). Al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir. Dar al-Tunsiyah, Tunis, Tunisia.Ibn Kathir, A. I. U. (1999). Tafsir al-Quran al-‘Azim. Dar al-Kitab al-Islami, Cairo, Egypt.
 
Ibn Qayyim, M. A. B.A. (1989). Tafsir al-Qayyim. Dar wa Maktabah al-Hilal. Beirut, Lebanon.
 
_________. (1973). al-Fawa’id. Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
_________. (2004) Asrar al-Salat wa al-Sama‘. Dipetik dari http://saaid.net/book/open.php?cat=87&book=1716.
 
_________. (t.t. a). Ighathah al-Lahfan min Masayid al-Syaitan. Maktabah al-Ma‘arif, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
 
_________. (t.t. b). Miftah Dar al-Sa‘adah wa Mansyur Wilayah al-‘Ilm wa al-’Iradah. Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Ibn Rajab, A.R.A.A. (t.t.). Al-Dhul wa al-Inkisar li al-‘Aziz al-Jabbar. Maktabah al-Quran, Cairo, Egypt.
 
Ibn Taymiyah, T. A. B. A. H. (1987). Al-Fatawa al-Kubra li Ibn Taymiyah. Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
_________. (1995). Majmu‘ Al-Fatawa. Mujamma‘ Malik Fahd, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.
 
_________. (1993). Al-Īman. Al-Maktab Al-Islami, Beirut, Lebanon.Isma‘il Haqqi, M. A. (t.t). Ruh al-Bayan. Dar al-Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon.
 
Malik, B. (2000). Contemplation, an Islamic Psychospiritual Study. Medeena Books, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
 
Muslim, M.H.A. (t.t.). Sahih Muslim. Dar al-Ihya’ al-Turath al-‘Arabi, Beirut, Lebanon.