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Article 14

This Article Volume 2 Issue 1

First published June 2012, doi : 10.7187/GJAT142012.02.01
Publisher Kolej Islam Darul Ridzuan, Perak, Malaysia.

 
Perundingan Asas Penyebaran Dakwah Islam: Analisis Kerangka Ke atas Perjanjian Zaman Rasulullah (s.a.w)
Norhayati Rafida A.R., Nurul Husna N. H., Safiyyah A.S.

Abstrak

Perundingan adalah teknik perdamaian antara individu mahupun kumpulan manakala Islam pula melihat ia sebagai proses pembuatan keputusan dan sesi hujjah antara individu dalam menyelesaikan konflik. Ia menyemarakkan hubungan, mengeratkan silaturrahim, menyemai kemesraan, memupuk kerjasama dan memudahkan urusan penyelesaian konflik. Tujuan utama kajian adalah untuk mengenalpasti kerangka perundingan di dalam perjanjian dan asas teknik perundingan yang digunakan oleh baginda Rasulullah (s.a.w) Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif menggunakan analisa kerangka dengan mengenalpasti dan menyusun enam jenis kerangka dan tujuh teknik perundingan yang digunakan di dalam lima perjanjian yang dijalankan pada zaman Rasulullah (s.a.w). Berdasarkan dapatan kajian ini, perundingan perjanjian pada zaman Rasulullah (s.a.w) mengutamakan kerangka menindas kekejaman, mencegah kemungkaran dan jenayah sesama penduduk disebabkan beberapa faktor.Disebabkan itu, kajian perbandingan dengan perjanjian pada zaman empat khalifah seperti Abu Bakr, Uthman, Umar dan Ali, diharap dapat melihat lebih mendalam sama ada asas teknik perundingan yang sama telah diteruskan oleh para sahabat. Justeru jelas, kaedah perundingan boleh digunakan dalam menjalankan dakwah yang diyakini berjaya dalam penyebaran Islam di seluruh dunia. 

Katakunci: Perundingan Islam; Perundingan; Da’wah; Analisa kerangka

Abstract

Negotiation has been used as a technique in solving either individual or group conflicts. Islam views negotiation as a decision making process which includes debates among individuals in solving conflicts.In the era of prophet Rasulullah (pbuh), the ways in which the negotiation took place are certain yet the framing of the negotiaton is still unclear. This study attempts to identify the type of negotiation framesand the techniques of negotiation used in five memorandums that were held by Rasulullah (pbuh) This study employs both qualitative approach and quantitative which uses aframing analysis that organizes and categorizes the negotiation into six types of frames and seven techniques of negotiation. The result indicates that the priority of the negotiation is highly given to the element of preventing crimes and social illness among the societies. It is suggested that a further study of comparison may be beneficial with the inclusion of the negotiation that took place during the four caliphs namely Abu Bakr, Uthman, Umar and Ali.It is hoped It is hoped that the inclusion allows better understanding whether or not similar techniques of negotiation had been continuosuly used by the fourcaliphsin da’wah and thus makes the da’wah around the world a success.

Keywords: Islamic negotiation; Negotiation; Da’wah; Framing analysis

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