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Article 71

This Article Volume 4 Issue 2

First published December 2014, doi : 10.7187/GJAT712014.04.02
Publisher Kolej Universiti Islam Sultan Azlan Shah, Perak, Malaysia.
 
Pengaruh Muhammad Haqqi al-Nazilli (m. 1884) Terhadap Amalan Keagamaan
Masyarakat Melayu
The Influence of Muhammad Haqqi al-Nazilli (m. 1884) on the Religious
Practices of the Malays

Wahyu Hidayat Abdullah, Muhammad Mustaqim Mohd Zarif, Sofian Sauri bin Hussien
 
Abstrak
Muhammad Haqqi al-Nazilli (m. 1884) merupakan salah seorang tokoh ulama Islam yang penting pada abad kesembilan belas. Walaupun berasal dari Turki, beliau telah menghabiskan kebanyakan usia dan kerjayanya sebagai seorang ilmuwan yang berdomisil di Mekah dan terkenal sebagai pakar dalam bidang ilmu hadis dan tasawuf. Selain aktif mengajar, beliau turut menghasilkan sejumlah karya keagamaan yang penting dalam bahasa Arab. Secara khasnya, adikarya beliau bertajuk Khazinah al-Asrar Jalilah al-Adhkar memainkan peranan yang penting terutama sekali dalam kalangan pelajarnya yang berasal dari Alam Melayu. Ia merupakan karya berasaskan hadis Nabi SAW mengenai kelebihan dan fadilat ayat-ayat al-Quran dan ibadat-ibadat lain. Walau bagaimanapun, tidak banyak yang diketahui mengenai tokoh ini dan karyanya. Justeru, makalah ini bertujuan untuk membincangkan mengenainya dengan lebih mendalam. Selain membincangkan aspek biografi dan hasil karya Muhammad Haqqi dari perspektif sejarah, kertas ini terfokus untuk menganalisis metodenya dalam penilaian dan penerimaan hadis berdasarkan karyanya Khazinah al-Asrar dan pengaruhnya terhadap sesetengah amalan keagamaan masyarakat Melayu. Dapatan kajian mengetengahkan sikapnya yang mengharmonikan pandangan ulama hadis dan tasawuf dalam aspek penerimaan hadis yang memberikan kesannya terhadap amalan keagamaan masyarakat Islam, terutamanya di Alam Melayu.

Katakunci:
Muhammad Haqqi al-Nazilli; Hadis; Keagamaan; Amalan; Melayu

Abstract
Muhammad Haqqi al-Nazilli (d. 1884) was amongst the most important Muslim scholars in the nineteenth century. Despite his Turkish origin, he spent most of his life and career as a resident scholar in Mecca specializing in the fields of hadith and Sufism. Apart from teaching, he had also published a number of important religious works written in Arabic. His opus entitled Khazinah al-Asrar Jalilah al-Adhkar is of high importance and significance especially amongst his students from the Malay World. It is a work based on the Prophetic hadith concerning the benefits and virtues of the verses of the Quran as well as certain religious practices. However, not much is known or studied about him or his work. Therefore, this paper aims to shed some light on this matter. Apart from discussing his life and works from the historical perspective, main emphasis is given on analyzing his scheme of hadith appraisal from Khazinah al-Asrar and its influence on the Malays. The findings highlight his reconciliatory approach towards the hadith between the methods of the hadith scholars and that of the Sufis and its role in shaping the religious practices amongst the Muslims, particularly those from the Malay World.  

Keywords: Muhammad Haqqi al-Nazilli; Hadith; Religion; Practice; Malays
 
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