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Article 60

This Article Volume  4 Issue 1

First published June 2014, doi : 10.7187/GJAT602014.04.01
Publisher Kolej Universiti Islam Sultan Azlan Shah, Perak, Malaysia.
 
المفهوم الوجودي للمقدس والمدنس في الإسلام  (دراسة تحليلية 
The Ontological Concept of Sacred and Profane in Islam (analytic study)
 
Abdulnaser Sultan Mohsen
 
Abstract

The term ‘sacred’ in the study of religions appeared at the beginning of the last century; Western scholars studied primitive religions in the world and combined it with the term of ‘profane’ in an ambivalent or a deterministic relationship. This study is questing the concepts of sacred and profane through Islamic prospective of ontology, in which it confirms that the dualism of sacred and profane is involved in the spirit existence, not in the natural or material as the Western thought alleges. It is through Muslim scholars’ study of spirit and existence, and linguistic study of sacred and profane that has clarified that the existence has sacredness as much as granted by spirit. Much is also the achievement of perfect existence, or retrieval of pure spirit and not retrieval of the origin of creation according to Christian thought. Otherwise, the existence became profane when it has been disintegrated by obstruction of spirit functions, or losing of the spirit totally. Therefore, the concept of sacred in Islam is the perfect existence by spirit; conversely, the profane is disintegration of spirit.

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