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Articles 26

This Article Volume 2 Issue 2

First published December 2012, doi : 10.7187/GJAT262012.02.02
Publisher Kolej Islam Darul Ridzuan, Perak, Malaysia.

المصادر اللغوية في تخمين معاني المفردات في قراءة النص العربي لغير الناطقين بالعربية
Linguistic Sources in Guessing Word Meaning in Reading Arabic Text
Nik Hanan Mustapha, Hidayatul Hasanah Zulkifli, Nik Farhan Mustapha

المخلص

يؤدي تخمين معاني المفردات أثرا فعّالا في ترقية مستوى الاستيعاب القرائي لدى دارسي اللغة الثانية أو الأجنبية، فعلى الرغم من ظهور التقسيمات المتعددة لعناصر تخمين معاني المفردات، إلا أن معظمها يتكون بشكل عام من المصادر اللغوية، والمصادر غير اللغوية، ويكشف البحث الحالي عن استخدام دارسي اللغة العربية للمصادر اللغوية باللغة الثانية في تخمين معاني المفردات عند قراءة النصوص العربية، ويشارك في هذه الدراسة النوعية عشرة من الطلبة الجامعيين، إذ تجمع البيانات عن القراءة عبر التفكير بصوت عال، وعن طريق المقابلة. وأفادت النتائج بأن الطلبة استخدموا المصادر اللغوية في جميع المستويات: المفردة، والجملة، والخطاب، وأن المصادر الصرفية أكثرها استخداما مقارنة بالمصادر اللغوية الأخرى. وهذا إشارة إلى ضرورة تعزيز دور تخمين معاني المفردات في استيعاب القراءة باللغة العربية.

الكلمات المفتاحية: تخمين معاني المفردات؛ قراءة النصوص العربية؛ المصادر اللغوية؛ مصادر اللغة الثانية؛ الاستيعاب القرائي.

Abstract

Guessing word meaning from context plays an important role in increasing the level of reading comprehension of second or foreign language learners. Despite various taxonomies for guessing word meanings, most of them generally fall into two categories: linguistic sources and non-linguistic sources. This study investigates the use of second language sources within the linguistic category in guessing the meaning of words. A sample of 10 university students participated in this introspective study by performing reading tasks on selected Arabic texts. Data was then gathered through think aloud procedures and interviews. Results indicated that students utilize linguistic sources at different levels: word, sentence and discourse, with morphological knowledge is used far more often than the remaining sources. This lends support to the need for promoting the role of guessing word meaning in Arabic reading comprehension.

Keywords: Guessing word meaning;  reading Arabic texts; linguistic sources; second language sources; reading comprehension

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