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Article 07

This Article

First published December 2011, doi : 10.7187/GJAT072011.01.01
Publisher Kolej Islam Darul Ridzuan, Perak, Malaysia.

Kajian Persepsi Penghayatan Akhlak Islam dalam Kalangan Pelajar Sekolah Menengah di Selangor
Sarimah Mokhtar, Mohd Kashfi Mohd Jailani, Ab. Halim Tamuri, Kamarulzaman Abdul Ghani

Abstrak

Kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti profil penghayatan akhlak Islam pelajar sekolah menengah di Selangor dari aspek jantina, lokasi sekolah (bandar dan luar bandar) dan kategori sekolah iaitu Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan (SMK), Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama (SMKA), Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP), Sekolah Agama Bantuan Kerajaan (SABK), Sekolah Menengah Teknik / Vokasional (SMT/V).

Tujuan kajian adalah untuk mengenal pasti perbezaan dan persamaan antaranya. Kajian ini telah dijalankan secara kuantitatif ke atas 665 pelajar sekolah menengah di Selangor dengan menggunakan soal selidik ‘Amalan Penghayatan Akhlak Islam’ (IMAP) pelajar Sekolah Menengah yang telah dibina sendiri oleh pengkaji dengan persetujuan sepuluh orang pakar. Di dalam kajian ini, statistik deskriptif dalam bentuk skor min digunakan. Bagi profil jantina menunjukkan pelajar perempuan dominan dalam ketiga-tiga domain iaitu domain sifat peribadi, domain amalan sosial dan domain amalan agama. Domain antara lokasi sekolah pula menunjukkan kumpulan pelajar dari bandar lebih baik penghayatan akhlak Islam dari pelajar luar bandar.

Kedudukan kategori sekolah yang lebih tinggi dari segi penghayatan Akhlak Islam mengikut susunan bermula dari kategori sekolah SMKA, SBP, SABK, SMK dan SMT/V dalam dapatan kajian pengkaji terhadap kesemua domain penghayatan akhlak Islam. Implikasi kajian ini menunjukkan guru dan pentadbir sekolah perlu peka terhadap penghayatan akhlak Islam yang berbeza bagi setiap individu pelajar. Guru seharusnya memberi perhatian serius untuk memaksimumkan penghayatan akhlak Islam pelajar bagi semua kategori sekolah.

Katakunci: Penghayatan akhlak; Skor min; Jantina; Lokasi; Kategori; Sekolah


Abstract

This study aims to identify the profiles of Islamic ethics application among Malaysian secondary school students from the aspects of gender, school location (urban and rural areas) and category of school (SMK, SMKA, SBP, SABK, SMT/V) as well as to identify the similarities and differences among the students.

This quantitative study is conducted on 665 secondary school students in Malaysia using the questionnaire ‘Islamic Morals Appreciation of Practice’ for school students (IMAP), constructed by the researchers with the agreement of ten experts. In this research the statistical description has been analysed using the mean score. Concerning gender profile, the female students prevail in all three domains, namely personal characteristics domain, the domain of social practices and religious domains. Concerning domains of the IMAP which are based on the location, the findings shows that the group of students from the city has better appreciation of Islamic morality compared to rural students. The highest rating of schools in terms of appreciation of the Islamic Morals in the order of starting from SMKA, followed by SBP, SABK and SMT/V in the findings of researchers on the appreciation of all the domain of Islamic morality.

The implications of this study showed teachers and school administrators need to be sensitive to a different appreciation for the Islamic character of every student. Teachers should give serious attention to maximize the students’ appreciation of Islamic morality for all categories of schools.

Keywords: Appreciation of probation; Mean score; Gender; School; Location; Category


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