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Article 15

This Article Volume 2 Issue 1

First published June 2012, doi : 10.7187/GJAT152012.02.01
Publisher Kolej Islam Darul Ridzuan, Perak, Malaysia.

 
Pengguguran Bayi Menurut Perspektif Islam dan Perundangan di Malaysia
Makiah Tussaripah Jamil, Abdul Mukti Baharudin, Hisam Satari 

Abstrak

Pengguguran bayi di kalangan wanita Islam adalah fenomena semasa yang menjadi permasalahan bersifat domestik dan antarabangsa. Artikel ini bertujuan memahami definisi dan konsep pengguguran secara teknikal dengan merujuk kepada pengertian menurut ilmu perubatan dan perspektif Islam. Artikel yang dibuat bukan sahaja melihat konsep pengguguran tetapi juga mengkaji dan melihat apakah kaedah yang biasa digunakan bagi menggugurkan kandungan. Di samping itu juga, perbincangan dibuat bagi menjelaskan secara terperinci akan sebab dan punca-punca yang menyebabkan pengguguran berlaku di kalangan masyarakat Malaysia khasnya dan dunia amnya. Artikel ini mendapati bahawa gejala perzinaan dan persetubuhan haram telah menjadi satu kesalahan jenayah syariah yang mencatatkan angka tertinggi berbanding kesalahan jenayah yang lain. Kajian ini turut melihat kesan atau akibat daripada amalan pengguguran janin sama ada dari sudut dan kesihatan si ibu, sosial dan juga bidang perubatan. Selain itu, kita akan turut melihat sejauh mana peruntukan dan hukuman berkaitan pengguguran di bawah Kanun Keseksaan Malaysia dan perspektif Islam. Akhirnya, artikel ini akan membuat analisa secara kritikal melalui metodologi perbandingan dengan sistem Islam untuk melahirkan beberapa saranan, cadangan serta mekanisme yang difikirkan paling tepat bagi memperbaiki sistem yang sedia ada agar masalah pengguguran bayi yang menjadi-jadi dewasa ini dapat dibendung dan diselesaikan.

Katakunci: Pengguguran; Islam; Kesan; Peruntukan

Abstract

Spontaneous abortion amongst women is a current phenomenon that has become a domestic as well as global issue. This article attempts to comprehend its definition and concept in terms of its technical aspect with reference to its medical understanding through Islamic perspective. It does not only focus on the concept of abortion, but also to verify the approach used in the act of abortion. Besides, the discussion intends to clarify in details the causes of abortion amongst the women in Malaysia, in particular and globally, in general. This study has found that illegal non marital sex which is a syariah crime has recorded the highest number of incidence as compared to other crimes. This research also focuses on the effect of abortion from the aspects of mother’s health as well as social and medical implication. Besides that, the paper will see the extent in terms of provisions and penalties in relation to abortion under Malaysia Criminal Acts and the Islamic perspective. In conclusion, this paper presents a critical analysis through comparative methodology in order to present suggestions, proposals as well as the mechanism to enhance the available system to help alleviate the issue on how to resolve spontaneous abortion.

Keywords: Spontaneous abortion; Islam; Effect; Provision

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